It is extremely deep (averaging about 1,000 feet), salty and the lowest body of water in the world. The Dead Sea is supplied by a number of smaller streams, springs, and the Jordan River.

  Because of its low elevation and its position in a deep basin, the Dead Sea area's climate is unusual. Its very high evaporation produces a haze yet its atmospheric humidity is low. Adjacent areas to it are very arid and favorable for the preservation of materials like the Dead Sea scrolls.

  The Bible's description, in Genesis 19, of a destructive earthquake near the Dead Sea area during the time in which Abraham, was born out by archaeological and historic investigation. While no evidence remains of the five cities of the plain (Zeboim, Admah, Bela or Zoar, Sodom, and Gomorrah) their sites are believed to be beneath the waters at the southern end of the Dead Sea.

  Archaeological sites near the Dead Sea include Masada, Ein Gedi, and Qumran (where the Dead Sea scrolls were found).

   The sunset touching distant hills with ribbons of fire across the water of the Dead Sea brings a sense of unreality to culminate a day's visit to the lowest spot on earth, some 400 meters (1000 feet) below sea level.

  To reach this unique spot, a visitor enjoys a short, 55-kilometer (50 miles) road drive from Amman, surrounded by a landscape that might be from another planet. En route a stone marker indicates "Sea Level", but the Dead Sea itself is not reached

before descending another 400 meters (1000 feet) below this sign.

  As the name suggests, the sea is devoid of life due to an extremely high content of salts and minerals, it is the natural elements, which give the water its curative power, recognized since 2,000 years ago. It also provides the raw materials for the renowned Jordanian Dead Sea bath salt and cosmetic products that are well known around the world.

  The Dead Sea is normally as calm as a millpond, with barely ripples disturbing its surface, but it can become turbulent. During most days, however, the water shimmers under a beating sun. Where rocks meet its lapping edges, become snow like (that this is due to the salt accumulation on the rocks) covered with a thick, gleaming white deposit that gives the area a strange, surreal sense reminiscent of another world.

  The tourist facilities provide accommodations for changing into swimming attire so the visitor can wade into the warm, soothing water. Try as one may, it is impossible to sink in the thick brine which is four times as salty as regular sea water. This makes it entirely possible to recline (or float) on the water and read a newspaper.

   Seaside facilities include a modern hotel with a therapeutic clinic and a restaurant bathing sport complex, meeting the needs of day visitors or parties wishing to spend the night amidst one of the most dramatic and moving landscapes in the world. Up in the hills to the east, is another special water adventure; the Ma'in hot springs, now constructed as a comprehensive spa, with a four-star hotel, leisure, bathing and therapeutic facilities.

  For travelers who search for relaxation and therapy, Jordan offers healthful spas in spectacular settings. The water of the Dead Sea is intensely saline and rich in minerals. At the lowest point on the surface of the earth, it is also a magical serene, and a quiet place.

 

Dead Sea mud, rich in minerals with similar chemical composition to Dead Sea waters, can either be applied to entire body or individual areas, and is also
popular as a facial mud mask

Natural Dead Sea minerals, natural Dead Sea organic. more

The lowest spot on earth 417 meters (1,373 feet) below sea level.

The largest "Natural Spa" in the world.

The saltiest and most mineral-laden in the world.

Everybody can float in its waters.