is extremely deep (averaging about 1,000 feet), salty
and the lowest body of water in the world. The
Dead Sea is supplied by a number of smaller streams,
springs, and the Jordan River.
of its low elevation and its position in a deep basin,
the Dead Sea area's climate is unusual.
Its very high evaporation produces a haze yet its atmospheric
humidity is low. Adjacent areas to it are very arid and
favorable for the preservation of materials like the Dead
Bible's description, in Genesis 19, of a destructive earthquake
near the Dead Sea area during the time
in which Abraham, was born out by archaeological and historic
investigation. While no evidence remains of the five cities
of the plain (Zeboim, Admah, Bela or Zoar, Sodom, and
Gomorrah) their sites are believed to be beneath the waters
at the southern end of the Dead Sea.
sites near the Dead Sea include Masada, Ein Gedi, and
Qumran (where the Dead Sea scrolls were
sunset touching distant hills with ribbons
of fire across the water of the Dead
Sea brings a sense of unreality
to culminate a day's visit to the lowest
spot on earth, some 400 meters (1000 feet)
below sea level.
reach this unique spot, a visitor enjoys
a short, 55-kilometer (50 miles) road
drive from Amman, surrounded by a landscape
that might be from another planet. En
route a stone marker indicates "Sea
Level", but the Dead Sea
itself is not reached
descending another 400 meters (1000 feet) below
the name suggests, the sea is devoid of life due
to an extremely high content of salts and minerals,
it is the natural elements, which give the water
its curative power, recognized since 2,000 years
ago. It also provides the raw materials for the
renowned Jordanian Dead Sea bath salt
and cosmetic products that are well known around
Dead Sea is normally as calm as a millpond,
with barely ripples disturbing its surface, but
it can become turbulent. During most days, however,
the water shimmers under a beating sun. Where rocks
meet its lapping edges, become snow like (that this
is due to the salt accumulation on the rocks) covered
with a thick, gleaming white deposit that gives
the area a strange, surreal sense reminiscent of
tourist facilities provide accommodations for changing
into swimming attire so the visitor can wade into
the warm, soothing water. Try as one may, it is
impossible to sink in the thick brine which is four
times as salty as regular sea water. This makes
it entirely possible to recline (or float) on the
water and read a newspaper.
facilities include a modern hotel
with a therapeutic clinic and a
restaurant bathing sport complex,
meeting the needs of day visitors
or parties wishing to spend the
night amidst one of the most dramatic
and moving landscapes in the world.
Up in the hills to the east, is
another special water adventure;
the Ma'in hot springs, now constructed
as a comprehensive spa, with a four-star
hotel, leisure, bathing and therapeutic
travelers who search for relaxation
and therapy, Jordan offers healthful
spas in spectacular settings. The
water of the Dead Sea is intensely
saline and rich in minerals. At
the lowest point on the surface
of the earth, it is also a magical
serene, and a quiet place.
Sea mud, rich in minerals with similar chemical
composition to Dead Sea waters, can either
be applied to entire body or individual
areas, and is also
popular as a facial mud mask
Dead Sea minerals, natural Dead Sea organic.
lowest spot on earth 417 meters (1,373 feet)
below sea level.
The largest "Natural Spa"
in the world.
The saltiest and most mineral-laden in the
Everybody can float in its waters.